GREENER METHODS OF CONTROL FOR MICROBIAL DISEASES OF POMEGRANATE USING COPPER OXIDE NANOPARTICLES AND BETEL LEAF EXTRACT
Keywords:Pomegranate, Piper betel, nanoparticles, blight, wilt
Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is an important exportable fruit crop of India that faces major losses when infected by fungal wilt and bacterial blight. The present investigation is aimed to isolate and identify the causative organism of the plant disease infecting the stem of pomegranate. The identification based on microscopic, morphological characterization and 18SrRNA sequencing confirms as Mariannaea elegans. The crude extracts of various leaves of plants viz Psidium guajava, Picrorhiza kurroa and Piper betel were used to evaluate antifungal activity using agar well diffusion method. Results confirm that ethanolic extract of Piper betel extract (0.5mg/ml) show zone of inhibition against Mariannea elegans. The research demonstrates that commonly used fungicides viz., Manocozeb/ Matalxy and Carbendazim showed very little inhibition as compared to the Piper betel ethanolic extracts and hence the latter proves to be a better and eco-friendlier control alternative.
The present study was also aimed at finding remedies for bacterial blight. The blight pathogen was isolated from the fruit pericarp and identified using morphological and biochemical characters to be Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae (Xap). Nanoparticles synthesized using green method, Copper oxide nanoparticles (1mg/ml) synthesized using Azadirachta indica leaf extract showed excellent inhibitory effect against the blight pathogen as compared to Bordeaux mixture, commonly used as an antimicrobial spray by farmers.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Vidya K Kalyankar , Heena K Meroliya , Siddhiprada S Shete , Nayana Gandhi , Rupali R Kamble , Maya S Khater, Bindu Arora , Shobha A Waghmode
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